Debate: Elective cesarean section
What are the pros and cons of elective cesarean section?
Background and context
A Caesarean section (or Cesarean section in American English), also known as C-section or Caesar, is a surgical procedure in which incisions are made through a mother's abdomen (laparotomy) and uterus (hysterotomy) to deliver one or more babies. It is usually performed when a vaginal delivery would put the baby's or mother's life or health at risk. Yet, more recently, it has also been performed electively upon request for childbirths that could otherwise have been natural. In 2006, for example, the rate of U.S. births by C-section was 31.1%, the highest it has ever been. This, and similar statistics around the word, has created significant debate within the United States and internationally. The main question is whether such an "unnatural" surgery is moral? Additional questions include whether it is worth performing a surgery to avoid the cosmetic issues surrounding stretch marks associated with giving birth.
See Wikipedia: Caesarean section for more background.